Abstract's details

Dynamics of the North Pacific “garbage patch” observed with a suite of Lagrangian instruments for ecological applications

Nikolai Maximenko (IPRC/SOEST, University of Hawaii, United States)

CoAuthors

Jan Hafner (IPRC/SOEST, University of Hawaii, United States); Mary Crowley (Ocean Voyages Institute, USA); Luca Centurioni (LDL/SIO, University of California San Diego, United States); Andrey Shcherbina (APL, University of Washington, USA); James Carlton (Williams College, USA); Linsey Haram (Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, USA); Verena Hormann (LDL/SIO, University of California San Diego, United States); Cathryn Murray (Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canada); Gregory Ruiz (Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, United States); Cynthia Wright (Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canada); Chela Zabin (Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, USA)

Event: 2022 Ocean Surface Topography Science Team Meeting

Session: Application development for Operations

Presentation type: Type Oral

The FloatEco (Floating Ecosystem) experiment studies physical and biological processes controlling the neopelagic ecosystem emerging in the eastern subtropical North Pacific as a result of marine debris accumulation in the so-called “garbage patch” area. Here, we present preliminary results of the study of pathways of debris into, from, and inside the area based on the analysis of trajectories and derived dynamical characteristics of drifters of various geometry as well as real debris items tagged with GPS trackers by the Ocean Voyages Institute and also numerous volunteers and partners.

Response of floating objects to the combined effect of Ekman currents, waves, and direct wind force is summarized and used to improve numerical models. The presence in the central part of the garbage patch of debris with a surprisingly broad range of “windages” is explained by the dominance of unorganized currents and winds, inducing strong horizontal mixing and homogenization. Trapped inside this area, objects with different geometry demonstrate signs of frequent interactions, including direct collisions. Such interactions were confirmed during inspections of the FloatEco instruments and they plays a critical role in propagation of species colonizing debris that, in turn, increases the resilience of the debris-based ecosystem to continuous changes of environmental parameters.

We also discuss the Lagrangian connectivity between the pelagic and coastal ecosystems and identify feasible pathways of coastal species into the garbage patch and potential paths of invasion from the garbage patch into the coastal areas.

The improved numerical models are used to describe seasonal and interannual changes in the garbage patch location, shape, and capacity, estimate the total amount of fishing nets in the North Pacific, and to develop practical applications for optimization of cleanup operations.

Figure. Trajectories of FloatEco Lagrangian instruments and streamlines of operational SCUD model. Also, photographs of drifters, float, GPS-tagged fishing nets, and data of cleanup expeditions used in FloatEco analysis.
 
Dynamics of the North Pacific “garbage patch” observed with a suite of Lagrangian instruments for ecological applications

Oral presentation show times:

Room Start Date End Date
Sala Pasinetti Wed, Nov 02 2022,09:30 Wed, Nov 02 2022,09:45
Nikolai Maximenko
IPRC/SOEST, University of Hawaii
United States
maximenk@hawaii.edu