Abstract's details

Baltic SEAL: new insights into the mean and variability of the sea level in the Satellite Altimetry era

Marcello Passaro (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München (DGFI-TUM), France)

CoAuthors

Felix Müller (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München (DGFI-TUM), Germany); Adili Abulaitijiang (Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation (IGG), Universität Bonn, Germany, Denmark); Ole B. Andersen (SPACE National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, (DTU), Denmark); Emma Chalencon (MaREI Centre, Department of Geography, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork (UCC), Ireland); Denise Dettmering (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München (DGFI-TUM), Germany); Michael Hart-Davis (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München (DGFI-TUM), Germany); Jacob L. Hoyer (Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Denmark); Julius Oelsmann (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München (DGFI-TUM), Germany); Laura Rautiainen (Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland, Finland); Ida M. Ringgaard (Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Denmark); Jani Särkkä (Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland); Rory Scarrott (MaREI Centre, Department of Geography, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork (UCC), Ireland); Christian Schwatke (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München (DGFI-TUM), Germany); Kristine Skovgaard Madsen (Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Denmark); Laura Tuomi (Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland); Marco Restano (SERCO, c/o ESA-ESRIN, Italy); Jérôme Benveniste (ESA-ESRIN, Italy)

Event: 2022 Ocean Surface Topography Science Team Meeting

Session: Science I: Climate data records for understanding the causes of global and regional sea level variability and change

Presentation type: Type Poster

For sea level studies, coastal adaptation, and planning for future sea level scenarios, regional responses require regionally-tailored sea level information. Global sea level products from satellite altimeters are now available through the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Climate Change Initiative. However, these global datasets are not entirely appropriate for supporting regional actions. For the Baltic Sea region, complications such as coastal complexity and sea-ice restrain our ability to exploit altimetry data opportunities.

This presentation highlights the opportunities offered by such regionalised advances, through an examination by the ESA-funded Baltic SEAL project (http://balticseal.eu/). We present the challenges faced, and solutions implemented, to develop new dedicated along-track and gridded sea level datasets for Baltic Sea stakeholders, spanning the years 1995-2019. Advances in waveform classification and altimetry echo-fitting, expansion of echo-fitting to a wide range of altimetry missions, and multi-mission cross calibration, enabled all mission data to be integrated into a final gridded product.

This gridded product provides new insights into the Baltic Sea’s mean sea level and its variability to be gathered. A Mean Sea Surface dataset was developed, in addition to an analysis of sea level trends in the region (using both tide gauge and altimetry data). The Baltic SEAL absolute sea level trend at the coast better aligns with information from the in-situ stations, when compared to current global products. A pronounced sea level trend gradient which increases towards the North-East was found. A proportion of the SL trend gradient can be directly linked to enhanced southerly wind forcing and associated Ekman transport towards the Bothnian Bay. The spatial and temporal density of the data allows for a robust comparison between the sea level time series and relevant climate indices such as the North Atlantic Oscillation, with implications for regionalising global climate change impacts. These investigations highlight the potential of regionalised products for the Baltic Sea region, and beyond, to study regional sea level variability.

Figure Caption: Panel a: correlation of the NAO index with SLA from gridded altimetry. Panel b: normalised time series of NAO index (green) and SLA difference between Bay of Bothnia (northernmost sub-basin) and south-west sub-basins (orange). Each point represents the time average of the quantities of the winter months December, January and February.
 
Baltic SEAL: new insights into the mean and variability of the sea level in the Satellite Altimetry era

Poster show times:

Room Start Date End Date
Mezzanine Tue, Nov 01 2022,17:15 Tue, Nov 01 2022,18:15
Mezzanine Thu, Nov 03 2022,14:00 Thu, Nov 03 2022,15:45
Marcello Passaro
Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut, Technische Universität München (DGFI-TUM)
France
marcello.passaro@tum.de